Vestibular Physiotherapy is a special branch of physiotherapy that helps patients who experience dizziness, vertigo, and other problems with balance. It is primarily an exercise-based treatment program but sometimes uses manual therapy that is customised to a patient’s individual needs to help them with their symptoms.
People of any age can experience these symptoms due to a number of different conditions. The root of many of these problems can be traced back to mechanical issues with your inner ear or neck.
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo also known as BPPV, is a disorder of the inner ear where heavy calcium carbonate crystals disrupt fluid movement in your ear. This induces sudden and periodical episodes of vertigo.
BPPV mainly affects patients who are older and women are more prone to suffer from it. Head injuries, vestibular disorders, and other diseases are all risk factors in patients developing BPPV.
Treatment for BPPV depends on a thorough assessment of the condition. After that, a list of simple exercises and manoeuvres have to be practiced by the patient to help their condition improve.
Keep in mind that you should only go to a trusted physiotherapy clinic in Singapore and consult with a trained vestibular physiotherapist for your treatment regime to ensure your BPPV does not get worse.
Vestibular migraine is a condition where symptoms of dizziness and loss of balance are directly related to causing migraine headaches among patients. The combination of headaches and episodes of dizziness can affect a patient’s daily life significantly.
Stress, lack of sleep, diet, and excessive movement stimulation are risk factors for vestibular migraines. Treatment usually includes treating these risk factors, but medications such as anti-nausea and antihistamines are also sometimes prescribed.
For patients who do not respond to the above treatments, Vestibular Physiotherapy is prescribed. After assessing your condition, a trained physio can work with you to reduce sensitivity to triggers for dizziness and reduce the severity of your symptoms.
A chronic condition affecting your inner ear, Meniere’s Disease causes episodes of vertigo, hearing loss, and tinnitus – a constant ringing or buzzing in your ear. The causes are unknown, but related to an increase of fluid in your inner ear.
Meniere’s Disease can happen at any age, but typically presents in young and middle-aged adulthood. There is no cure for the condition, but several treatments can help minimize its impact on a patient’s life.
Medications that decrease fluid pressure in the inner ear help prevent attacks of vertigo, but are not useful during an episode. Steroids, antihistamines, and anti-nausea medication can also all help to various degrees.
For chronic conditions like Meniere’s Disease, Vestibular Physiotherapy is also often recommended to reduce the symptoms and improve overall well-being. The aims are often not to prevent episodes, but eliminate symptoms between attacks and reduce the impact of the vertigo episodes themselves.
Patients who suffer from BPPV, vestibular migraines, Meniere’s Disease, or any other vestibular symptoms experience significant physical and psychological hardship. The episodes of nausea, and dizziness can also put them at risk of further injury.
While medication can help with some of the symptoms, and even prevent the likelihood of future episodes, Vestibular Physiotherapy can be a powerful tool to help patients take ownership of their health, understand how the symptoms affect them, and equip them with the skills to handle the sudden onset of dizziness and vertigo.
If you’re experiencing such symptoms, or have any of the conditions listed above, contact us today to talk to our experienced physiotherapists. After assessing your health, we can come up with a treatment plan specially tailored to help you get better.